We worked out our city tours ourselves and carried them out in different contexts - Ract! festival, Tübingen Human Rights Week, as a public offer, and especially for school classes. Whenever possible, we also design guided tours on specifically requested topics. We are very committed to science, but we are not historians and work voluntarily. Democracy and human rights education is, in addition to memory preservation itself, our overarching goal.
Jewish life in Tübingen
On this city tour we focus on the Jewish life in Tübingen since the 19th century. It is about the struggle for civil rights, the question of assimilation and emerging and lively community life; it is also, however, about the flight and destruction of Jewish life and families, especially as part of urban society. In addition, the remembrance of these events is addressed and discussed.
Sinti and Roma are the minority in Germany and Europe most affected by rejection and hatred. This attitude has gradually increased and culminated in the genocide of over half a million Sinti and Roma during the Nazi era. "Race scientists" from Tübingen made a significant contribution to the theoretical and practical basis of this crime. In the city tour, we not only deal with Tübingen's actors in the crime and the victims, but also with the continuous persecution and the fight for recognition as victims of National Socialist racial madness.
University under National Socialism
How did ideology permeate science? And when did science support ideology? Who could study and teach under the swastika? How neutral can and must "the university" be? Examples of deeply inhumane research and teaching can be found in the history of the University of Tübingen. During the tour we present - in an overview and using selected examples - ideological and personal entanglements, which can also be seen in some cases after 1945.
NS-forced labor in Tübingen
Shortly after the beginning of the Second World War, the National Socialists deported thousands of prisoners of war and civilians to the Reich, millions followed until 1945. In Tübingen, too, forced laborers from a wide range of countries, mostly from Poland and the Soviet Union, were employed under inhumane conditions to support the war economy. They were exploited in various roles - on farms, in bakeries, at the civil engineering office, the Reichsbahn and the university clinic. During the tour, we shed light on their struggle for survival, everyday wartime life together with the people of Tübingen and the memory of them after 1945.
NS culture of remembrance in Tübingen
Which victims of National Socialism were and are remembered in Tübingen? Since when? And why not (or not enough)? By visiting the places and learning about the events that transpired, we remember the nightmare that came to life. At the same time, various places of remembrance - the synagogue square, for example, or the Jakob-van-Hoddis-Staffel - should also have their origins discussed in order to shed light onto the culture of remembrance itself, which says a lot about the society that takes it in or rejects it.